At the turn of the 19th century overland freight and passengers were transported in the same way that the ancient Egyptians had done. Yes the horse was still pulling around carts and carriages that had not changed since the ancient Romans. Then in 1802 the first railroad locomotive was built using a steam engine. James Watt furthered the research and made an improved high pressure steam boiler for the purpose of railroads and boats. Watt is responsible for the
term "horsepower", which is the term for how heavy a cart can a single horse pull. So when a steam locomotive was rated with 20 horsepower, 20 horses could pull the same load. Now for the first time heavy loads could be hauled further and cheaper overland. Passengers could travel long distances eventually in the same comfort of a 5 star motel on wheels.
To see more railroad cars please click on the pictures below.